Is Saying Special Needs Offensive?

Is saying special needs politically correct?

Use the term “disability,” and take the following terms out of your vocabulary when talking about or talking to people with disabilities.

Don’t use the terms “handicapped,” “differently-abled,” “cripple,” “crippled,” “victim,” “retarded,” “stricken,” “poor,” “unfortunate,” or “special needs.”.

What is the politically correct term for mentally challenged?

Otherwise, the terms mental disability, intellectual disability and developmental disability are acceptable. See entry on mentally retarded/mentally disabled, intellectually disabled, developmentally disabled . Midget: The term was used in the past to describe an unusually short and proportionate person.

What does special needs child mean?

A special needs child is a youth who has been determined to require special attention and specific necessities that other children do not. The state may declare this status for the purpose of offering benefits and assistance for the child’s well-being and growth.

Is autism a special needs?

Special needs can range from people with autism, Asperger syndrome, cerebral palsy, Down syndrome, dyslexia, dyspraxia, blindness, deafness, ADHD, and cystic fibrosis. They can also include cleft lips and missing limbs.

How do you describe someone with a disability?

Rather than using terms such as disabled person, handicapped people, a crippled person, use terms such as people/persons with disabilities, a person with a disability, or a person with a visual impairment.

What does Handicap mean?

The United States Golf Teachers Federation USGTF defines handicap as “a measure of his current ability over an entire round of golf, signified by a number. The lower the number, the better the golfer is.” A handicap essentially signifies how many strokes above or below par a golfer should be able to play.

What is another way to say special needs?

What is another word for special needs?disabilityimpairmentlearning difficultiesdisadvantageinfirmityafflictionincapacityconditiondisorderdysfunction89 more rows

What is the meaning of special needs?

: any of various difficulties (such as a physical, emotional, behavioral, or learning disability or impairment) that causes an individual to require additional or specialized services or accommodations (such as in education or recreation) students with special needs.

What are the types of mental retardation?

Mental retardation comprises five general categories: borderline, mild, moderate, severe and profound. Categories are based on scores obtained through use of age-standardized tests of cognitive ability (Table 1).

What do you call special needs students?

Those with conditions that may require additional assistance, help, or technology are referred to as having special needs. … Being referred to as a “special needs student” or “disabled child” is likely to make a young person feel he or she has challenges that cannot be overcome.

Why is the term handicapped offensive?

By the 1970’s changes were developing and terms like cripple, lame, gimp and a host of others became offensive terms because they focused on a person’s deficits rather than the person themselves. Over time, “Handicapped” began to be replaced by the term disabled.

What is the most common type of special needs?

Some of the most common special needs that young children are diagnosed with are: speech and/or language delays, Autism Spectrum Disorder, cognitive delays, social and emotional disorders, and learning differences/disabilities.

How do you talk to people with special needs?

Approach the person as you would anyone else; speak directly to the person, using clear, simple communication. Treat persons who are adults as adults. Do not patronize, condescend, or threaten when communicating with the person. Do not make decisions for the person or assume that you know the person’s preferences.

Is it OK to say physically challenged?

In referring to people with disabilities, it is preferable to use language that focuses on their abilities rather than their disabilities. Therefore, the use of the terms “handicapped,” “able-bodied,” “physically challenged,” and “differently abled” is discouraged.

How do you talk to a disability?

When referring to disability, the American Psychological Association (APA) urges that it is often best to “put the person first.” In practice, this means that instead of referring to a “disabled person,” use “person with a disability.” Why?

What is proper disability etiquette?

Use “people first” language which recognizes that individuals are more than their disabilities. … Don’t ask questions about a person’s disability unless it is brought up by the individual. If you offer assistance, wait until the offer is accepted. Then listen to or ask for instructions.

Is cripple a rude word?

The words cripple and crippled are no longer considered appropriate. Although these terms have been in use since before the year 950, since the mid-1900s they have become increasingly uncommon and are now regarded as insulting.

What are the 4 levels of mental retardation?

The condition is further divided into four levels of retardation based on IQ, which include mild mental retardation (IQ between 50-55 and 70), moderate mental retardation (IQ between 35-40 and 50-55), severe mental retardation (IQ between 20-25 and 35-40), and profound mental retardation (IQ below 20 or 25) (American …

What is mental retardation?

Mental retardation (MR) refers to substantial limitations in present functioning. It starts before age 18 and is characterized by significantly subaverage intellectual functioning, existing concurrently with related limitations in two or more of the following applicable adaptive skill areas: communication.